PEP人教版小学六年级英语下册复习资料汇总

六年级英语数学语文2021-10-10 16:25:59

最新PEP人教版小学六年级下册总结

Unit 1 How Tall Are You?

【词考点】

tall—taller更高的   long—longer 更长的          

short—shorter更矮的   heavy—heavier更重的      

thin—thinner更瘦的   strong—stronger 更强壮的 

big—bigger更大的   small—smaller更小的        

old—older 年龄更大的   young—younger 更年轻的   

 

【语法考点】时态:比较级在一般现在时中的运用

.形容词比较级和最高级的变形规则

 1.一般单音节词和少数以-er,-ow结尾的双音节词,比较级在后面加-er,最高级在后面加-est;
 (1)单音节词
 如:small→smaller→smallest   

    short→shorter→shortest 

    tall→taller→tallest 

2)双音节词
  如:clever→cleverer→cleverest  

    narrow→narrower→narrowest 
2.以不发音e结尾的单音节词,比较在原级后加-r,最高级在原级后加-st;
如:large→larger→largest   nice→nicer→nicest    able→abler→ablest
3.在重读闭音节(即:辅音+元音+辅音)中,先双写末尾的辅音字母,比较级加-er,最高级加-est;
如:big→bigger→biggest  hot→hotter→hottest  fat→fatter→fattest
4.以“辅音字母+y”结尾的双音节词, 把y改为i,比较级加-er,最高级加-est;
 如:easy→easier→easiest  heavy→heavier→heaviest 

 busy→busier→busiest  happy→happier→happiest

5.其他双音节词和多音节词,比较级在前面加more,最高级在前面加most;
如:beautiful→more beautiful→most beautiful
  different→more different→most different 
  easily→more easily→most easily
注意:(1)形容词最高级前通常必须用定冠词 the,副词最高级前可不用.
例句: The Sahara is the biggest desert in the world. 
 2)形容词most前面没有the,不表示最高级的含义,只表示"非常". 
 It is a most important problem. 
 =It is a very important problem. 
6.有少数形容词、副词的比较级和最高级是不规则的,必须熟记.
 如:good→better→best  well→better→best

 bad→worse→worst  ill→worse→worst

 old→older/elder→oldest/eldest

 many/much→more→most  little→less→least 

 far→further/farther→ furthest/farthest

.重点句型

1. How 引导的特殊疑问句,来谈论对方的身体情况:

--- How + (高、矮、胖、瘦等与身体有关的)形容词 + are you?

--- I'm + 与身体有关的具体数值+单位

例:A: How tall are you?      

  B: I'm 164 cm tall.

2. 比较级,用来对自己和他人的身体特征进行比较:

--- You are + 形容词的比较级 + than me.

--- I'm + 形容词的比较级 + than you.

例: I'm thinner than you.    

  My hands are bigger than yours.

注意:比较的两者必须是同类的。

 

Unit 2  Last Weekend

【词考点】

stayed at home 呆在家里 stay -stayed 停留;待   

watched TV 看电视(Watch - watched 看)

washed one’s clothes 洗衣服(wash-washed 洗)      

clean one’s room打扫房间(clean-cleaned 打扫)

read a book 读书read,cut,put 无变形)             

had a cold感冒(have/has---- had有,使,吃..  

        

【语法考点】  时态:一般过去时

.一般过去时的定义:

一般过去时是表示过去经常或偶然发生的动作或存在的状态的时态.

常与过去时间yesterday, this morning, just now, a moment ago, in May, last night / year / week, once upon a time, the other day, before …, when – clause, in the past连用。

如:I was there a moment ago. 刚才我在那儿。

What did you do yesterday? 昨天你干了什么?

I met Lin Tao this morning. 今天上午我会到了林涛。

.动词过去式规则变形

1、一般情况下,动词词尾加 -ed ,如:
 work ---worked   play---played   wanted----wanted   act----acted
2、以不发音的 -e 结尾动词,动词词尾加 -d,如:
 live---lived   move----moved   taste---tasted   hope---hoped
3、以辅音字母 + y结尾的动词,把-y变为-i 再加-ed,如:
 study---studied   copy---copied   cry---cried   carry---carried
4、以一个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节动词,双写词尾辅音字母,再加 -ed,如:
 stop ---stopped
5、不规则动词的过去式变化规律性不强,须多加记忆。
 go – went  make – made  get – got  buy - bought  come - came  fly-flew

.重要句型

1.询问某人周末过得怎么样。

--- How was your weekend ?

---It was fine ,thanks./ It was OK.

2. Did 引导的一般疑问句,就过去是否发生了某行为动作进行问答:

--- Did you + 动词原形?

--- Yes, I did. / No, I didn't.

例:A: Did you read books?     

  B: Yes,I did.

3. What 引导的特殊疑问句,就过去已经发生的行为动作进行提问:

--- What did you do + 过去时间?

--- I/we + 动作(did).

例:A: What did you do last weekend?   

  B: I/we Played football.

 

Unit3 Where did you go ?

【词考点】

go—went  went camping 去野营  went swimming 去游泳  

went fishing 去钓鱼 went hiking 去郊游  ride-rode骑(马/自行车)  

rode a horse 骑马   rode a bike 骑自行车  hurt one’s foot 伤到脚

eat-ate   ate fresh food 吃新鲜事物  take-took  

took pictures of...给...拍照  buy-bought买  bought gifts 买礼物

 

【语法考点】一般过去时的特殊疑问句

 .句型类别

1)与陈述句的词序相同
 ①疑问词(who,what,which,whose)作主语
 Who was there?谁在那儿?
 ②疑问词(what,which,whose)作定语用来修饰主语.
 Which book was his?哪本书是他的?
2)疑问词+般疑问句的词序
 1.谁   Who was under the tree ? 谁在树下?

 2.去哪里   Where did you go?

 3.什么时候   When did you go to Sonya ?

 4.做什么   What were you Doing ? 你在干什么?

 5.方式   How did you get there?

 6.谁的   Whose bag was on the desk yesterday ? 昨天谁的包在桌子上?
 7.年龄多大   
How old are you ? 你多大年纪了?


.重要句型

1.询问过去发生了什么事。

 what happened (to sb./sth.)?

2.询问对方身体状况.

 --Are you all right ?

 --I am feeling better now./ I am OK .

 --I am feeling even worse.

3.询问对方去过哪里.

 Where did you go ?

4.如何表达“某物看起来像...”

 It looks like a mule !

 

Unit 4    Then and now

【词考点】

Dining hall 饭厅   grass 草坪   gym 体育馆   cycling 骑自行车运动(或者活动) go cycling 去骑自行车   Ice-skate 滑冰  badminton 羽毛球运动   look up 查阅  wake(woke) up 醒来


过去时间:

...years ago     ...months ago    last year    last month    at that time

 

语法考点】一般现在时和一般过去时的对比

一般现在时:一般现在时表示现阶段发生的动作或状态,以及永恒不变的事实、真理和自然规律,常与时间状语today, every day, on Sunday, every morning等连用。

例如:What day is today ?    

 We sometimes go to the park on Sunday.

 They ride bikes to school every day.   

 Spring returns in March.                            

   The sun is bigger than the moon .   

   He said spring returns in March..

 

一般过去时:一般过去时表示过去阶段发生的动作或状态,常与时间状语yesterday,last year, the day before,yesterday , in 2001, this morning, five days ago等连用。  

例如:What day was yesterday ?    

    We sometimes went to the park on Sunday last year .

    I lost my pen five days ago .   

    They rode bikes to school the day before yesterday.

  

重要句型       

1. 表示以前没有某物的句型。

  There was no +单数名词/不可数名词+过去时间。

  例:There was no library in my old school.

  There were no +复数名词+过去时间。

  例:There were no computers or Internet in my time.


2. 表示“不喜欢..”的句型   I didn’t like+名词/动名词

  例:Before I didn’t like beef.

  Before i didn’t like going cycling.


3. 表示过去不能做或者不会做某事。  主语+could not+动词原形

 I could not use the Internet in my childhood.


4. 如何描述某人过去和现在的情况不一样

外貌和性格方面:Before主+ was/were + 形容词.now 主语 + is/are + 形容词

 Before he didn’t wear glasses. Now he wears glasses.

能力方面:Before, 主语+couldn’t +动词原形. Now, 主语+can +动词原形.

 Before I couldn’t swim. Now I can swim very well.

爱好方面:Before, 主语+didn’t like +名词 / 动词ing. Now,主语+like +名词/动名词

 Before he didn’t like reading books,now he likes reading books.

 

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