【同步教学辅导 | 英语】九年级Units9~10

诚成文化2021-10-09 15:35:25


  考点知识拓展  


01

I love music that I can sing along with.

我喜欢我能跟着唱歌的音乐。

(1)that I can sing along with 是定语从句,修饰先行词music。关系代词that在定语从句中做宾语,可以省略。如:The scarf that my mother bought yesterday looks beautiful.我妈妈昨天买的那条围巾看上去很漂亮。


注:

有关定语从句的用法将在语法部分中详细说明。


(2)along with 相当于together with表示“伴随着……”。如:The music is great.Let’s sing along with it.音乐太美了。我们随之唱起来吧。


02

I prefer music that has great lyrics.

我更喜欢歌词优美的音乐。

prefer为动词,意为“更喜欢”,相当于like ...  better  ,常见搭配如下:

(1)prefer sth.更喜欢某事。如:

I prefer groups that play quiet and slow songs.

我更喜欢演奏轻松舒缓的歌曲的乐队。


(2)prefer doing/ to do sth.更喜欢做某事。

如:I prefer staying/to stay at home.

我更喜欢待在家里。


(3)prefer to do sth.rather than do sth.

宁愿做……而不愿做……如:

I prefer to stay at home rather than go outside in summer.在夏天,我宁愿待在家里也不愿出去。


(4)prefer (doing) sth.to (doing) sth.

比起……更喜欢……如: 

I prefer going hiking to playing computer games.我宁愿出去远足,也不愿玩电脑游戏。

注意:prefer 的过去式、过去分词均要双写r。


03

While some people stick to only one kind of movie, I like to watch different kinds depending on how I feel that day.当某些人专注于只看一种影片时,我却根据当天的心情喜欢看不同种类的电影。


stick to意为“坚持;固守”,to是介词,后接名词、代词或动名词。如:

Simply find the vegetables and fruit you like and stick to them.只要找到自己喜欢的蔬菜和水果,坚持食用即可。

The government must stick to its promises.

政府必须坚守它自己的承诺。

If you stick to doing everything carefully, you will succeed.如果你坚持认真做每件事,你会成功的。

【温馨提示】

不要将短语中的to误认为是动词不定式符号。


04

The piece which was played on the  erhu  especially moved me.那首用二胡演奏的乐曲尤其使我感动。piece有“片;块;首”等意,修饰或代替不可数名词。此句中piece表示音乐作品,相当于汉语中的“一首歌;一支乐曲”等。 如: 

The paper isn’t big enough.Would you please give me a bigger piece? 这张纸不够大。请给我一张大的,好吗? 


05

You’re supposed to shake hands.你应该握手。

be supposed to意为“应该干某事;被期望做某事”,用来表示根据规定或按照法律人们不得不做的事,或期待将要发生的事,与should/ought to 相似,后面也接动词原形,否定形式在be后加not,意为“不该做某事”。如:  You are supposed to/should wait in line when waiting for the bus.当你等公交车时,你应该排队。


06

...but it is worth the trouble if you want to  understand  another culture.……但是如果你想要了解另一个国家的文化,麻烦点是值得的。

worth意为“值……的,有……价值的”等,常常用作形容词,在句中一般做表语,其后通常接动名词,而不能接动词不定式。常用的句式为:“主语+be+worth+动名词”。此时,句子的主语就是worth之后动名词的逻辑宾语。如:

The book is worth reading.这本书值得读。

Now John is worth talking to.

现在值得与约翰谈一谈。

He isn’t worth getting angry with.

犯不上跟他生气。


注意:动名词之后的介词不可省去。worth后面的动名词一般用主动形式表示被动意义,而不能直接用被动形式。试比较:

正:The film isn’t worth seeing.

误:The film isn’t worth being seen.

表示“很值得”之意时,用well修饰worth。如: 

The movie is well worth watching.

这部电影很值得一看。 


07

I’m very comfortable speaking French now.

现在,说法语我感到很舒服了。

be comfortable doing sth.

意为“做某事感到舒服”,是常见搭配。


类似的句式还有: 

have a good/hard time doing sth.

做某事感到快乐/ 艰难

have a problem doing sth.做某事遇到困难

have difficulty/trouble doing sth.做某事有困难

have fun doing sth.做某事感到快乐


08

Have a safe trip, and I look forward to meeting you soon! 旅途平安。盼着早日见到你。

look forward to意为“盼着做某事”,to在此是介词,后面应接名词、代词或动名词。如: 

I’m looking forward to hearing from you soon.

盼着早日收到你的来信。


类似的表达还有: 

be/get/become used to sth/doing sth.

习惯于做某事。如: 

The old couple are used to being alone.

这对老夫妇习惯于独自生活。

pay attention to sth/doing sth.注意某事。如: 

We should pay attention to protecting the  environment.我们应该注重保护环境。


  近义词(组)辨析  


01

advice, suggestion 

两词都有“建议”的意思。但advice是不可数名词,suggestion是可数名词。如: Could you give us some advice on how to learn English well? 你能给我们一些如何学好英语的建议吗? 

Write a letter to your pen pal to give him some suggestions on how to behave properly in China.给你的笔友写一封信,给他一些有关在中国如何做才得体的建议。


02

shut off, turn off 

两个短语都有“关闭”之意,都可用作及物动词,可互换使用。如: Students ran into the classrooms and dived under the desks; teachers locked the doors and shut off/turned off the lights.学生们跑进教室,躲在书桌下;老师们把门锁上,关了灯。

Shut off/ Turn off the computer before leaving.

离开之前把电脑关掉。


shut off 用作及物动词时还有“隔绝;使不进入”之意。如: 

Peter is shut off from the society.

彼得与社会隔离。

Billy kept things to himself and shut himself off.比利将事情藏在心里,把自己封闭起来。

We can’t shut off the world.

我们不可能让世界停止运转。


shut off除用作及物动词外,也可用作不及物动词,做“停止”讲。如: 

The engine shut off and tapped as it cooled.

关掉的发动机逐渐冷却,发出轻响。