同步教学丨高一 必修4 Unit 3 A taste of English humour

南昌高中英语教研2022-01-12 10:38:08

    

                        

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听 写 检 测



听写音频下载链接

https://pan.baidu.com/s/1CJnKOX1XXTyVjYD19gUToA

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Book 4 Unit 3 听写检测

I. Listen and write down the words you hear.(10 marks) twice 2 minutes

1.         2.        3.        4.       5.       6.         7.       8.         9.        10.        

II. Listen and write down the phrases, and then translate them into Chinese.(30 marks)twice 3 minutes

1.         2.        3.        4.       5.       6.         7.       8.         9.        10.        

III. Listen to the sentences and fill in the missing words. (20marks)  twice 4 minutes

  1. Charlie Chaplin                      the lives of Americans and British through two world wars and the hard years in between.

  2. There are thousands of jokes which use "play on words" to                    .

  3. I saw a man                    a banana skin yesterday.

  4. It's a very old watch and is quite                    .

  5.              second place, because I know that I tried my hardest.

  6. Just now, she                     the biggest apple for me.

  7. One of his fingers                     in the accident.

  8. His father died, leaving the family even                   .

  9. Mum                     us, "Be quiet! Your little sister's sleeping."

  10. You'll need to                                     your enthusiasm for the job.

IV. Listen and write down the sentences. (20marks)  three times 3 minutes

  1.                                            

  2.                                            

  3.                                            

  4.                                            

  5.                                            

V. Listen to the passage and fill in the missing words. (20 marks) twice4 minutes

Charlie Chaplin was born into a poor family on April 16,1889. His parents were both music hall 1.                  , but they were 2.                        . When Chaplin was still a small boy, his father died. So little Chaplin had to look after his sick mother and make money to support the family. 3.                 , Charlie had become a popular child actor because of his 4.                   . Later, he began making films. He grew very popular of the character, the little tramp. The tramp wore a small hat, large trousers and worn-out shoes. Though he was a social 5.                    , he was always optimistic and determined to 6.                  any difficulties. Take a scene in the film The Gold Rush for example, where he is eating boiled leather shoes out of hunger. He 7.                  a piece and chews it with 8.                    on his face as if he is eating a delicious steak. Chaplin directed and 9.                    lots of convincing films. In 1972, Chaplin was given a special Oscar for his 10.                    work. Though he died in Switzerland on December 25,1977, he is still loved and remembered by people all over the world.


听 写 答 案

1.comedy 2.particularly 3.actress 4.rhythm 5.explanation 6astonishing 7.throughout 8.unfortunately 9.homeless 10.gesture

II(中文略)

1.a fortunate event 2.a direct flight 3.be bored with 4.within budget 5.vast grasslands 6.in particular 7.on occasion 8.in a mess 9.ordinary people 10.get blind drunk

III

1.brightened 2.amuse us 3.sliding on 4.worn out 5.am content with 6.picked out 7.was cut off 8.worse off 9.whispered to 10.convince them of 

IV

  1. How did the students react to the monitor's suggestion?

  2. Up to now, I've understood everything the teacher said.

  3. Don't get depressed ab out the spilt milk.

  4. If you work hard, you will overcome this problem.

  5. I gained so much confidence that I went back to school as a new person.

V

1.performers 2.badly off 3.By his teens 4.humo(u)r 5.failure 6.overcome 7.cuts off 8.a content expression 9.starred in 10.outstanding

(以上文字源于维克多新高中英语词汇进阶)


词 汇 精 研


声明:此版块原采用维克多英语维词课堂素材,现维克多英语公众号已自行编辑,考虑到版权问题,此处引用其推文,欲阅读请点击本文末端蓝色字体“阅读原文”。


语 法 聚 焦


V. ing

作定语, 宾语补足语和表语的用法


Examples:

His subtle acting made everything entertaining. 

(subject; object complement)

What is so interesting about them? (predicative)

A walking stick is his charming character (attribute)

一、-ing形式作定语

1. 单个动词的-ing形式作定语位于被修饰名词的前面,既可以表示被修饰者的作用或功能,也可以表示被修饰者的动作或状态。如:

building materials = materials for building 

建筑材料

drinking water = water for drinking   

饮用水

a walking stick = a stick for walking   

手杖

a reading room = a room for reading   

阅览室

a writing desk = a desk for writing   

写字台

tiring music = music that is tiring  

烦人的音乐

a surprising result 

= a result that is surprising 一个惊人的结果


2. -ing形式短语作定语时, 放在所修饰的名词之后, 并且在意思上相当于一个定语从句。如:

They lived in a room facing the street. = They lived in a room that faces the  street. 

他们住在一间面朝街的房子。

The man standing there is Peter’s father. = The man who is standing there is Peter’s father. 站在那儿的那个人是彼得的父亲。

 

3. -ing形式短语也可以用作非限制定语,相当于一个非限制性定语从句,这时,它与句子其他部分用逗号分开。如:

   His brother, working as a teacher, lives  in Beijing. 

= His brother, who is working as a teacher, lives in Beijing. 

   他那个当教师的哥哥住在北京。



二、-ing形式作宾语补足语

   

1. 用法:

1) 动词-ing形式作宾语补足语常放在宾语后面,表示一个正在进行的主动性的动作,强调一个过程或一种状态。如:

When we returned to the school, we found a stranger standing at the entrance. 当我们回到学校时, 发现一个陌生人站在大门口。

Complete the sentences:

We found the snake _____ the eggs. 

我们发现蛇正在吃鸡蛋。

I found a bag _____ on the ground. 

我发现地板上放着一个包。

The boss kept the workers _______the whole night. 

那老板让工人整夜地工作。

Key: eating;lying;working.


2) 当主句转换为被动结构时, 原来作宾语补足语的动词-ing形式便转换为主语补足语。如:

They found the result very satisfying. = The result is found very satisfying.这个结果令人很满意。

Complete the sentences:

They heard him singing in the next room. 

= He was heard ______ in the next room. 

We mustn’t keep them waiting.

= They mustn’t be kept ______. 

Key: singing;waiting.


2. 能用-ing形式作宾语补足语的几类动词:

1)表示感觉和心理状态的动词,常见的有see, hear, feel, smell, find, notice, observe, look at, listen to等。如:

We saw a light burning in the window. 

I felt somebody patting me on the shoulder. 

2) 表示指使意义的动词,常见的有have, set, keep, get, catch, leave等。如:

I won’t have you doing that. 

This set me thinking.

I’m sorry to have kept you waiting. 

I can’t get the clock going again.

You won’t catch me doing that again.


3. see, hear, feel, watch等动词之后用-ing形式和动词不定式作宾语补足语的区别:


1)-ing形式表示动作正在进行,而动词不定式短语表示动作的全过程;

We passed by the classroom and saw the teacher making the experiment.

我们走过教室,看见老师在做实验。(只在走过教室的刹那间,看见老师正在做实验)

We sat an hour and watched the teacher make the experiment. 

我们坐了一个小时,看老师做实验。(一个小时之内一直在看老师作实验)

2)如果宾语补足语是短暂性动词,动词不定式短语表示一次动作, 而-ing形式则表示反复动作。如:

    We heard the door slam.(一次动作) 

    We heard the door slamming. (反复动作)


三、-ing形式作表语


-ing形式作表语时放在系动词之后,用来泛指某种动作或行为,以说明主语的身份、性质或情况。

Complete the sentences.

Her hobby is _______ . 

她的业余爱好是画画。

My job is ___________ the children.

我的工作就是照顾这些孩子。

Key: painting;looking after.







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