鲁教版六年级英语上册语法复习

视角广饶2020-06-29 13:54:24


英语语法复习(一)

代词 (pron.)


第一人称单数

第二人称

单数和复数

第三人称单数(三单)

第一人称复数

第三人称复数

人称代词

/ 你们

我们

他们

主格

I

you

he

she

it

we

they

宾格

me

you

him

her

it

us

them

物主代词

我的

你的/ 你们的

他的

她的

它的

我们的

他们的

形容词性

my

your

his

her

its

our

their

名词性

mine

yours

his

hers

its

ours

theirs

选词填空:

1. What’s ________ name? (you / your ) _________ name is Bob. ( My / I / me)

2. _________ erasers are in ________drawer. (her / she / Her / She)

3. Can ________(you / your ) do _______ (you / your ) homework?

4. ________ is a cat. ________ name is Mimi. ( it / its / It / Its )

5. _________ brother can speak Japanese. (He’s / His / He )

6. Please take _________ keys to school. __________ are on the table.

( they / their / them / They / Their / Them)

7. __________ is thirteen years old. __________ birthday is March 1st.(He / His / Him)

8. __________ favorite vegetable is tomato. (her / she / Her / She)

9. Can you help ______ ?( we / us / our) Please take ______ to school. (they / their / them)

10. _________ can’t see _________baseball. It’s behind _________.( My / I /me / my )

(三)完成句子:

1. A: What’s this / that ?  B: _________ is a dresser.

  A:How do you spell _________ , please ?  B:D-R-E-S-S-E-R.

2. A: What are these / those ?  B: _________ are tomatoes.

3. A: Does Cindy like salad?  B: No, _________doesn’t.

4. A: How much are his shoes?  B: _________ are 100 dollars.

5. A: Is Alan your friend?  B: Yes, _________ is.

6. A: Do you have a soccer ball?   B: Yes, _________ do.

7. A: Who is that girl?  B: _________ is Jack’s sister.’

8. This is David and this is Tim. _________are our friends. We often help  _________.

9. Those are strawberries. Sally likes_________.

10. The pants are nice. I’ll take_________.

 

英语语法复习(二)

冠词

1. 种类:(1)不定冠词:a / an   a unit / an uncle

            元音开头的可数名词前用an :

an egg / an apple/ an orange / an eraser / an answer / an ID card / an alarm clock /

/ an hour  an old man / an interesting book

2)定冠词:the    the egg  the plane

2. 用法:

定冠词的用法:

1)特指某(些)人或某(些)物: The ruler is on the desk.

2)复述上文提到的人或物:Hehas a sweater. The sweater is new.

3)谈话双方都知道的人或物:Theboys aren’t at school.

4)在序数词前: John’sbirthday is February the second.

5)用于固定词组中: inthe morning / afternoon / evening  

不用冠词的情况:

1)专有名词前:Chinais a big country. 

2)名词前有定语:this ,that , my , your , some, any , no 等:

This is mybaseball.

3)复数名词表示一类人和事:Monkeyscan’t swim.   They are teachers.

4)在节日,日期,月份,季节前:Today is Christmas Day.   It’sSunday.

5)一日三餐前:We havebreakfast at 6:30.

6)球类 棋类运动前:They often play football after class. He plays chess at home.

   * 但乐器前要用定冠词:I play the guitar very well.

7)学科名称前:Myfavorite subject is music.

8)在称呼或头衔的名词前:Thisis Mr Li.

9)固定词组中:atnoon   at night   by bus

Exercises:

一.  填空:(在有必要的地方填上冠词,不填的划 “/ ”

1.      What’s this? It’s _____ clock.

2.      What’s that? It’s _____ alarmclock.

3.      What is it? It’s _____ w.

4.      What color is the jacket? It’s_____ orange. It’s _____ orange jacket.

5.      Jim’s mother is _____ MrsGreen. She is _____ teacher.

6.      Those pens are in _____ pencilcase.

7.      Here’s _____ interetsing familyphoto.

8.      When does Lily go to _____ bedin _____ evening?

9.      _____ “h”, _____ “o” and _____“w” are in the word “how”.

10.  This is _____ my English book.

11.  Where is _____ bag? It’s under_____ table.

12.   I often go to _____ school at _____ 7:00.

13.  Take _____ things to _____ yourbrother.

14.  They like playing _____football. My favorite subject is _____ P.E. .

15.  Do you have _____ pingpong bat?Yes, I do.

16.  Do you want to see _____ actionmovie? No, I want to play _____ chess.

17.  When’s his sister’s birthday?It’s _____ April _____ eleventh.

18.  Does Bill like _____hamburgers?No, he doesn’t.

19.  A: Let’s play _____ soccer. B:I don’t have _____ soccer ball.

A: Well, let’splay _____ drums. B: That sounds good.

20.  How much are _____ two hats?They are 10 dollars.

21.  Do you have _____ Art Festivalat your school? Yes, we do.

22.  When do people usually eat_____ breakfast? They usually eat _____ it in _____ evening.

23.  Rick often goes to see _____Beijing Opera _____ weekends.

24.  Can Tom play _____ piano? Yes,he can.

Can he play _____it well? No, he can’t.

25.  Please listen to _____ teachercarefully.

 

 

英语语法复习(三)

时态复习

一、一般现在时

1Be 动词的一般现在时

Be动词要根据句中主语的人称和数而变化。它有三种形式:am, is , are

am跟在I后面, is 跟单数主语,are跟复数主语及单数You后面。如:

I am a teacher.

My brother is at school.

Lucy and Lily are in Class One, Grade Two.

You are a good boy.

2实义动词的一般现在时

一个动作经常反复地发生,就用一般现在时。

第三人称单数(he, she, it, Tom)作主语,谓语动词要加es,这种动词形式简称为三单,记住:第三人称用三单 其它人称用原型。如:

They get up at six o’clock.

He goes to school at seven- thirty .

附:动词第三人称单数的构成规则

  1)一般情况下加s  get—gets   like---likes

2)以s, x, ch, sh, o结尾的加es: watch---watches   go---goes  do---does

  3)以辅音字母加y结尾的,改yi,加es  carry---carries

特殊: have---has

二、情态动词can

   情态动词(can, may, must )后动词用原形。如:

I can play the guitar.     He can play the violin.

  三、几个动词的用法:

1、  let后用动词原形  Let’s play soccer.

2、  like及介词后动词用ing形式, 如:be good at swimming,  helpkids with singing,

like playing basketball,  What about playing tennis?

3、  want to 再加原形

4、  help ++动词原形          help++with sth /doing sth.

Exercises:

一、用be的适当形式填空。

1. _________   student

2. __________your father a worker Yes, he __________

3. They__________  in the classroom

4. This  __________ an apple

5. Where__________  my books

6 We __________friends.

7.        You __________ a good student.

8.        These ___________her peas.

9.        How much _________the T-shirt?

10.    How much __________ the socks?

11.    Our mother _________forty.

12.    You can _________ in our schoolmusic club.

13.    I want to ________ a teacher.

14.    Let’s ___________friends.

15.    He and I _________friends.

16.    Tina ___________ a student.

17.    Mary and Tom ___________students.

18.    Someone __________ in the room.

19.    Who ________ your brother?

20.    When _________ youruncle’s  birthday?

二、完成句子。

1.      I _________ (know) the boy.

2.      They __________(go) to work onSaturdays.

3.      He usually _____________(comes)to school early.

4.      I often _____________(have)rice, meat and vegetables.

5.      My grandfather_____________(play) sports in the park.

6.      Miss Li ____________(teach)English in our school.

7.      The students  of Class Four ___________(sing) a song onMonday.

8.      Alicia and Jerry ______________(do) homework after school.

9.      We _____________(take) a showerin the evening.

10.  Her sister ____________(have)Chinese every day.

11__________ you __________( have) a soccer ball

12 Mary  _______________ (notcome) from America.

        She ___________(come) fromBritain.

13 I ____________ ( not ,like) playing computer games.

14______________Tom and his brother _____________(study) in Beijing?

15. __________ Your brother___________(have) a son?

二、动词填空。

1、           Who helps you____________(look) after your daughter at home?

2、           The child is good at____________(play) chess.

3、           My motherwants_______________(buy) a sweater.

4、           What about ______________(go)to the shop?

5、           Bob likes ______________(watch)TV.

6、           Can you help kids with_____________(swim)?

7、           Let’s  _____________( sing) an English song.

8、           I want ____________(join) thesoccer club.

9、           We like ____________( see)movies.

10、       John often helps hismother___________(do) the housework.

四、用动词的适当形式填空。

1 . Who ______________ ( teach ) English inyour school ?
2 . May I _____________(know) your address?
3 . ___________(be) you twelve?
4 . She _____________(like)  fish ,butshe _______________ ( not like ) meat .
5 . Her mother is good at _____________ ( make ) cakes .
6 . Mr Green wants ______________ ( buy ) a new watch .
7 .Who _________(be)  your Englishteacher?.
8 . My father ___________ ( go ) to bed at 10:00 every evening .
9 . His friend ___________________( like, play) computer games.
10 . Let’s ___________(watch) TV.

11. __________your mother _________(have)a  baseball bat?

12._________Jim and Tom _________(like)hamburgers?

13. What kind of movies ________yourgrandfather ___________(want) to see?

14. Where _______(be)  the two volleyballs?

15. That _____ (be ) is his family photo.

16We can __________(sing) English songs.

17. He can ____________(do) Chinese Kungfu.

18. What time _________Mr. Brown___________(take) a shower?

19. Mrs Jones ___________(watch) TV onweekends.

20. __________(be) your sisters in thebedroom?

英语语法复习(四)

句型复习

句型结构

1、 肯定句:主语+be(am/is/are)+…

          主语+can+动词原形+…

                行为动词原形

          主语+                +其他

                行为动词三单形式

2、否定句:主语+be(am/is/are)+not+…

          主语+can’t+动词原形+…

          主语+don’t(doesn’t)+动词原形+…

3、一般问句〈1be(am/is/are)+主语+…

                Yes,+主语+ be    No,+主语+be not.

          2Can+主语+动词原形+…

                Yes,主语+can      No,主语+can’t

          3Do/Does+主语+动词原形+…

               Yes,主语+do/does     No,主语+don’t/doesn’t

 

II、写出下列动词的三单形式:

 take  be   like   play  swim   run   do  go   watch   wish 

think  eat   have   want  study   help   learn  teach   start

III、将下列句子改为一般疑问句,并作肯定和否定回答:

1My name’s Bob.             

2I’m his uncle.

3Our shirts are too long.        

4My friend gets up at five o’clock.

5Lucy and Lily like sports.      

6Jerry’s teacher can play chess.

7Alicia is my aunt.            

8She wants to see Beijing Opera.

IV、划出每句中正确的词:

1(Is/Are)his eraser on thesofa?  2(Where/What)are your baseball?

3(Do/Does)Mary have a clock?  4(Are/Do)they want to see a movie?

5(Is/Can)she play the violin?    6I (don’t/doesn’t)like hamburgers.

7Why does Alice (likes/like)music?8Who (am/is) your father?

9(What/What’s) her favoritesubject?10How much(are/is) her socks?

V、句型转换:划线提问

1、  Peter is 12 years old.

2、  This is an English book.

3、  The backpacks are black.

4、  Scott likes history.

5、  They have vegetables for lunch.

6、  She can play chess and sing.

7、  It’s nine o’clock.

8、  We go to bed at ten o’clock. 

9、  His shoes are under the table.

10Her basketball is 5 dollars.

11Dave’s favorite food is icecream.

12He likes documentaries.

13My birthday is October1st.

14They are fine.

15Nick wants to join the swimming club.

16Rick Smith is my favorite actor.

17Her favorite subject is science.

18Mike and Jack like math becauseit’s interesting.

19My mother’s favorite color isblue.

20We go to school in the morning.

21I think they’re interesting. (改否定句)
22It’s December.30th.today.

英语语法复习(五)

名词复习

可数

单数名词前有a/anthe或物主代词,如:a bookthe bookhis book

复数    规则变化

1、一般情况,加sbags

2、以sshxch结尾加es:boxes

3、以 ffe、结尾,把ffe改为:esshelf→shelves

4、以辅音+y结尾,把y改为i,esbaby→babies

5、以o结尾,表示有生命的加es  tomatoespatotoes

表示无生命的加spianosphotos

6 fe 或者以f结尾的一般把fe或者f去掉加ves如:knives  leaves thieves

复数 不规则变化

1、单复数词形:sheepChineseJapanese    

2、复数名词:clothespeoplepolice

3特殊变化:man→men    woman→women  child→childrenfoot→feet

          tooth→teeth   policeman→policemen

 前面用many(许多)、a lot of/lots of(许多)、some(一些)、a few (一 点)+可数复数词

 

不可数 

1、没有复数形式

2、 前不加a/an、数字、manya few,后不加s

3、前可以加someanya lot of/mucha little

4、表数量用量词加of词组:a cup ofice creamtwo cups ofice cream

5、学过的有:broccolifooddessertorangeice creamsaladchickenfruithelpworkhomeworktimeChineseJapaneseEnglish

Exercise

1、 写出下列词的复数形式

baby _____  potato _____   knife _____   photo _____  Chinese _____

hamburger _____   case _____  key _____   watch _____   name _____

strawberry _____   tomato _____   dollar _____   orange _____   people _____  

documentary _____   boy _____  piano _____   child _____   man _____  

this _____  that _____   I _____   she _____  you _____   bus _____  

wish _____  Japanese _____  

2、 翻译短语

五门学科_______________      三部电影_______________     

一些动作片______________      许多手表_______________     

一点食品_______________­_      一点蔬菜_______________     

许多冰淇淋______________      三块鸡肉_______________     

一些工作________________      许多作业_______________     

四辆公共汽车____________     

3、 划出下面单词中的不可数名词

stardessertsockdollarhelpmonthartbroccolicreamdictionarycardclub

fruitfoodsisterchickenCDhomeworkEnglishrunnerpeoplecollection

racketsportbaseball

4、 将下列句子变成复数形式

1) This is a bus .

2) She has a nice dress.

3) A musician has a watch on her hand.

4) You are a Chinese.

5) The girl likes salad.

6) The running star wants to eat healthyfood.

7) A photo is on the wall.

8) That is a banana.

9) It is an action movie.

10) I am a student.

5、 改错

1) He has many ice cream forbreakfast._______________________________

2) The girl has two broccoli for lunch.________________________________

3) I need some salad.______________________________________________

4) The student does a few homework everyday. _________________________

5) I want to go to movie.____________________________________________

6) We can see much clothes in the store.________________________________

7) Does she have three cousin?_______________________________________

8) They are Japaneses. ______________________________________________

9) I have some apple._______________________________________________

10) I want to see a Beijing opera.______________________________________

名词的格:

(1) 有生命的东西的名词所有格:

a)      单数后加 ’s  : Lucy’s ruler   my father’s shirt

b)     s 结尾的复数名词后加: his friends’ bags

c)      不以s 结尾的复数后加’s  children’s shoes

l      并列名词中,如果把 ’s加在最后一个名词后,表示共有,:

Tom and Mike’s car  汤姆和迈克共有的小汽车

l      要表示所有物不是共有的,应分别在并列名词后加’s

 Tom’s and Mike’s cars  汤姆和麦克各自的小汽车

 (2)表示无生命东西的名词通常用“ of +名词来表示所有关系:如:

a picture of the classroom   a map ofChina

翻译:

1. 汤姆的背包________________    2. 我朋友的生日聚会__________________

3. 他们父母亲的房间____________  4. 她两个兄弟各自的电脑________________

5. 戴维和保罗的两个家庭_________________________

6. 露西和莉莉家的书橱_________________________

7. 男士手表_______________       8. 一张吉姆家的全家照___________________

9. 一幅中国地图_______________   10.一本英语字典_________________________