期末复习|科普版小学英语5-6年级上册知识点梳理,期末复习必备!(独家整理)

中一教师园地2021-09-25 15:16:14


五年级上册

Lesson 1-2

一、必考重点词

playground 操场  sport 运动  love grandfather 爷爷 grandmother 奶奶 next 下一个  week 周,星期  may 可以  park 公园 grass thing 东西

二、 常考重点短语

play football 踢足球  play pingpong 打乒乓球  have a match 比赛

next time 下一次  come in 进来   sit down 坐下

三、 常考重点句子(会背)

1. What are they doing? 他们正在做什么?

2. Don’t be late next time. 下一次不要迟到。

3. I see. 我知道了。

4. That’s all right. 没关系。


Lesson3-5

一、 必考重点词

TV 电视机 every 每个 tall 高的 ear 耳朵  eye 眼睛 mouth 嘴巴 hand write email 电子邮件 card 卡片 sometimes 有时  often 经常 well健康的 listen music 音乐 film 电影always 总是

二、 常考重点短语

every day 每天 play basketball 打篮球  go fishing 去钓鱼  listen to music 听音乐 see films 看电影 watch TV 看电视

三、常考重点句子(会背)

1. Does a TV has a screen? 电视机有显示屏么?

2. Does Jim like swimming? 吉姆喜欢游泳么?

3. What does he like? 他喜欢什么?


Lesson7-8

一、必考重点词

shop商店 buy drink juice 果汁  tea feel 感觉 much 非常 vegetable 蔬菜 potato 土豆 tomato 西红柿 train 火车 arm 手臂 cry wrong 错误的 worry 担心

二、 常考重点短语

would like 想要 a cup of 一杯 a bottle of 一瓶 a glass of 一杯 a bag of 一包

三、常考重点句子(会背)

1. What would you like? 你想要什么?

2. Would you like some tomatoes? 你想要一些西红柿么?

3. Could I have some cabbages? 我可以要一些卷心菜么?

4. What’s wrong ?怎么了?


Lesson9-11

一、 必考重点词

chicken鸡肉 half 一半 twenty 20  fruit 水果  know 知道 clever 聪明的 child 孩子 small 小的 food 食物 back向后 its 它的 tell 告诉 story 故事 hear 听见

二、常考重点短语

how much 多少钱 in front of 在……前面 say goodbye to 向……道别 go shopping 去购物 lots of 许多

三、 常考重点句子(背会)

1. How many cakes do you want? 你想要多少蛋糕?

2. How much meat do you want? 你想要多少肉?

3. There is a horse under the tree. 树下有一匹马。

4. Are there any eggs in the fridge? 冰箱里有一些鸡蛋呢?

5. What can I do for you? 我能帮你做点什么?

 

易考的单词

1.      tomato 西红柿

2.      potato 土豆

3.      mouse 鼠标

4.      drink 喝;饮料

5.      story 故事

6.      write

7.      clever聪明的

8.      child 儿童

9.      stay 停留

10.  mouth 

11.  police警察

12.  small小的

13.  carrot 胡萝卜

14.  half 一半

15.  either 也不

16.  sport运动

17.  wrong错误的

18.  twenty 20

19.  tall高的

易考的短语

1.      go fishing  去钓鱼

2.      go shopping 去购物

3.      paly football 踢足球

4.      paly basketball 打篮球

5.      a glass of  一杯

6.      listen to music 听音乐

7.      ride  a horse/bike 骑马/骑自行车

8.      a bottle of 一瓶

高频考点

  陈述句

1.      likedoesn’t like doing   ……喜欢做/不喜欢做……

2.      is are doing ……正在做……

3.      wantwants a/ansome ……想要一个/一些……

4.      I’d like 我想要……

5.      There isare …或There isn’taren’t   有……或没有……

6.      Let’s  让我们……

7.      havehas ……有……

  疑问句

1.      What isare doing…? ……正在做……?

2.      Would you like …?  你想要……吗?

3.      What would you like to drink eat?你想要些什么吃的/喝的?

4.      Do/Doeslike doinghave…? ……喜欢做/有……吗?

5.      How manyHow much do you want? 你想要多少?

  祈使句

1.      Don’tPlease…! 不要/请……!

高频考点

  现在进行时

含义: 表示此刻或现阶段正在进行的动作。

陈述句结构:主语+benot +动词ing形式+其他.

例: He is rading. 他正在读书。

特殊疑问句结构: 特殊疑问词+be动词+主语+动词ing形式+其他?

例: What are you doing ? 你正在做什么?

  一般现在时

含义: 1)表示经常或习惯性动作 2 表示人或食物现在的特征或状态。

陈述句结构: 第一/第二人称+动词原形+其他.

第三人称单数+动词第三人称单数形式+其他,

例: A computer has a keyboard. 电脑有一个键盘。

I like music. 我喜欢音乐。

一般疑问句结构:

Do/Does +主语+动词原形+其他?

例: Does Jim like swimming? 吉姆喜欢游泳么?

特殊疑问句结构:

特殊疑问词+dodoes+主语+其他?

例: What does he like 他喜欢什么?

  There be句型

陈述句: There be +名词+其他.

例: There is (not) a horse under the tree. 树下有/没有一匹马。

There are(not) some (any) apples on the desk. 桌子上有一些/没有苹果。

一般疑问句:Are/Is there +名词+其他?

 

六年级上册


Unit 1 Are you going to have a birthday party?

1.      重点词汇

weather 天气(可数或者不可数)

sunny  晴朗的(名词变形容词)

will 将要(情态动词+动词原形)

begin 开始(begin to do sth.

 

2.      重点短语

make a cake  做蛋糕

invite some friends   邀请朋友  

sing and dance  唱歌跳舞

eat noodles    吃面条

visit my friends  拜访朋友

take swimming lessons  上游泳课

do some washing 洗刷

by the way  顺便问一下

 

3.      重点句型(考试必备)

My birthday is coming.

Are you going to make a cake?   Yes, I am./No, I am not.

I’m going to have a party at home next Sunday evening.

Would you like to come?

This is my plan for this Sunday.

What about your plan?

On May 3rd, I’m going to help my mum do some washing.

The weather is good.  

The party will begin at four o’clock.

I’m asking my uncle and aunt to come to my party.

Could I bring him to the party?

 

4.      必考语法

一般将来时

时:tomorrowthe day after tomorrow, next+时间,in+将来的时间等

态:主语+will+动词原形+其他.

主语+shall+动词原形+其他. (适合主语时第一人称)

主语+be going to +动词原形+其他.

   句型:

否定句:主语+ will+ not+动词原形+其他.

主语+shall+ not+动词原形+其他.(适合主语时第一人称)

主语+be going to +not+动词原形+其他.

疑问句:

一般疑问句;will/shall +主语+动词原形+其他?

            Be+主语+going to+其他?

特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+一般疑问句?

 

Unit2 What are you going to do tomorrow?

1.重点词汇

China  中国(小写的意思,以及形容词的用法)

son 儿子(同音词)

never 从不,绝不(频度副词)

another 另一个(和the other的区别)

 

2.重点短语

do some shopping 购物

buy some school things 买一些学校用品

listen to music 听音乐

clean his room 打扫房间

play football 踢足球

wash some clothes 洗衣服

see a film 看电影

 

a map of China 一张中国的地图

3.重点句型

  What are you going to do tomorrow?

  What’s he going to do?

  I’m going to do some shopping.

  How can I go with you?

  Do you want to know why?

  John isn’t going to clean his house or wash his car.

 

4.重点语法

一般将来时特殊疑问句(U1

 

Unit3  It will be sunny this Sunday.

1.      重点词汇

名词---形容词

rain 雨,下雨(动词和名词的形式)

full 满的(be full of)充满

bring about 引起,发生

be bad for ……有害

full of 充满

 

2.      重点短语

  All around 周围

  on the ground 在地上

  on the ships 在船上

  at sea 在海上

  strong wind 强风

  heavy rain  暴雨

 

3.重点句型

  It’s nice outside, isn’t it?

  What will the weather be like tomorrow?

  It will be cloudy and windy.

  Will it be cold?

  Have a nice holiday!

  The earth is getting warmer.

  This will bring about great changes in the weather.

  That will be bad for the people there.

  In some dry places the rain makes lakes full of water.

 

4.重点语法

  反义疑问句

1)前肯后否

 主语+be动词+其他,be+ not+主语?

  主语+实意动词+其他,助动词+not+主语?

2)前否后肯

主语+be动词+not+其他,be动词+主语?

主语+助动词+not+动词原形+其他,助动词+主语?

 

Unit4  What kind of books will you buy?

1.重点词汇

difficult 困难的(同义词和反义词)

healthy 健康的(名词)

 

2.重点短语

  cut down 砍到

  kind of books  种类的书

  this term 这学期

  take some photos 照相

 

3.重点句型

  What kinds of books will you buy?

  What will you do tomorrow?

  Is it difficult?

  Will you buy any books?

  What will you do when you grow up?

  I will be a nurse.

  Many people will go up to the hills and plant trees.

  Trees make the air clean.

  They will make the people healthy and make our country beautiful.

 

4.重点语法

will相关的疑问句。

 

Unit6 It is on the fifth floor.

1.重点词汇

first 第一 

second 第二

third 第三

fifth 第五

the same 同样的

 

2.重点短语

  reading room 阅览室

  teachers’ office 老师的办公室

 

3.重点句型

  Where is Kate?

  Is it on the fifth floor?

  What class is she in?  

  She’s in Class Three.

  What a nice house!

  Do you have a study?

  Come and have a look.

  They live in the same building in Beijing.

  The first floor is the same as the second floor.

 

4.重点语法

  序数词的用法

  年月日的表示方法:月 日,年

  分数的表示表示方法:分子用基数词,分母用序数词

  编号的表示等

 

Unit 7 What’s the date today?

1.重点词汇

April  四月

May  五月

  night 夜晚(at night

  than 比(形容词比较级的用法)

  become 变成,成为(过去式)

  for example

  have a good time

 

2.重点短语

  the same age 同样的年龄

  be back 返回

 

3.重点句型

  What’s the date today?

  It’s April 30th.

  When is your birthday?

  We’re the same age.

  I’m older than you.

  Is it in spring or summer?  Neither.

  I’m back.

  There is some bread in the fridge.

  They don’t think 13 is a good number.

  He asked some of his friends to dinner.

  She said slowly with a smile.

  I am going to have a baby in three months.

 

 4.重点语法

   选择疑问句

选择疑问句并列的两个词语或者是两个句子用or连接。

   There be句型

主要考察be动词的变化取决于主语的变化,注意:被动词需要根据离它最近的主语进行选择。

  十二个月份的用法

January February March April  May  June  July  August September October November December

  时间介词的用法

  at   on   in

        剩下

 

Unit 8 Merry Christmas!

1.重点词汇

  laugh ,大笑等

  just 仅仅,刚才

  kid 小孩(单复数变化)

  candy 糖果(单复数变化)

2.重点短语

 

  dress up 打扮成

  from door to door 挨家挨户

  run away  跑开

  New Year’s Day 新年

  Children’s Day 儿童节

  Mother’s Day 母亲节

  Trick or treat! 不给糖果就捣乱

 

3.重点句型

  When is Christmas?

  It’s on December 25th.

  Let’s say Merry Christmas to Mum and Dad.

  Go to the sitting room and find your parents.

  What a beautiful tree!

  Here’s a card for you!

  Thank you for your love.

  What can I do for you today?

  I’ll do the cleaning for you.

  They knock at the door of a house and cry.

  Don’t run away!

 

4.重点语法

  祈使句:

  Let sb. v.

  v.

  Don’t v.

  Be+形容词

  No+v.-ing/n.

  Please +v.

  感叹句

  What

  What +a/an +形容词+可数名词单数名词+主语+谓语!

  What +形容词+复数或不可数名词+主语+谓语!

  How+形容词/副词+主语+谓语!

  How+主语+谓语动词+宾语!(How修饰句子)

  陈述句变感叹句步骤

一分二加三换位四去掉

 

Unit 9 Were you at school yeaterday?

1.重点单词

  yesterday 昨天(前天the day before yesterday

  June  六月

 road 小路

  stop 停止  stop to do sth./stop soing sth.

 hard 努力的,困难的(同义词)

 

2.重点短语

  sports meeting 运动会

  National Day 国庆节

  Women’s Day 妇女节xK b1.C om

 

3.重点句型

  What was the date yesterday?

  It was Children’s Day, isn’t it?

  Were you at school yesterday?

  What did you do?

  Did you have a good time?

  How was your weekend?

  I went fishing with my father.

  Are you good at fishing?

  I had to look after her.

  She is much better.

  He turned to the passengers.

  I want you all to lean forward together.

  When they heard “three”, they all leaned forward hard.

 

4.重点语法

  一般过去时

  时:yesterday, the day before yesterday, last+时间, 时间+ ago, In+过去的时间等

  :主语+动词的过去式

  动词的过去式规则变化

1)直接加ed

2)以e结尾加d

3)以辅音字母+元音字母+辅音字母结尾的双写词尾加ed

4)以辅音字母加y结尾的变yied

  动词过去式不规则变化

句型:

否定句:主语+be动词+not+其他

        主语+助动词+not+动词原形+其他。

一般疑问句: Be+主语+其他?/ 助动词+主语+动词原形+其他?

特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+一般疑问句

 

Unit10 Revision

1.重点单词

window 窗户

river 小河

star 星星

city 城市

join 参加(固定搭配join in 加入)

along 沿着

sky 天空(前面加the

 

2.重点短语

  at last 最后

 

3.重点句型

  Can I join you?

  Now my family and I are driving to our new home.

  At last we stopped in front of a tall building.

  My bedroom is big and bright.

  The cars look like toys.  

  To the west, I can see the Huangpu River and many tall buildings along it

  At night we watch the lights go on over the city.

  

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