【重点内容】广州六年级英语上册Unit5

广州版小学英语2021-11-23 15:02:52

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各位广州的家长和孩子们,本公众号是由几位广州市越秀区的有着多年小学英语教育经验的专业老师精心运作。

据我们了解,相同的课文内容,有些学校老师精心讲解知识点,细心教单词,用心监督孩子的背诵,班里孩子的成绩非常好。有些学校老师则没那么细心讲解单词与知识点,也没让孩子针对性的练习题目,班里孩子的成绩比较差。所以我们几位年轻老师想为广州的孩子们做一些事,让不同区域不同学校不同老师的孩子能通过我们的免费学习平台获得更充实的学校课内英语知识,从而提高英语运用能力及考试成绩。

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 Unit5 单词与录音 

单词录音↓↓↓↓

health 健康

mater 事情

What’s the matter 怎么回事?

ill 病的

stomachache 肚子疼

ate 吃(eat的过去式)

hear 听到

I’m sorry to hearthat. 听到这个我很难过。

gave给(give的过去式)

check-up 检查

take 服(药)(过去式是took

medicine

time

toothache 牙疼

brush

twice 两次

broken 打破;折断(break的过去分词)

finger 手指

rest 休息

take a rest 休息

have a cold 感冒

wore 穿(wear的过去式)

headache 头疼

could 能够(can的过去式)

fever 发烧

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 Unit5 课文与翻译 

Unit5 What’s the matter with you?

Ben: Jiamin. You don't look well. What's the matter with you?

Jiamin: I feel ill. I have a stomachache. Maybe I ate some bad food.

Janet: I'm sorry to hear that. You should see a doctor.

Jiamin: I did. I went to the hospital this morning. I stayed there for two hours.

Ben: And what did the doctor say?

Jiamin: He gave me a check-up and asked me to take this medicine three times a day for one week.

Janet: You should be careful, Jiamin. Your health is very important.

Ben: I think you’ll be well soon.

Jiamin: Thank you.


中文翻译:

BenJiamin。你看起来不太好。你怎么了?

Jiamin:我感觉不舒服。我肚子疼。也许我吃了一些变质的食物。

Janet:听到这个消息我很难过。你应该看医生。

Jiamin:我做的。今天早上我去医院了。我在那里呆了两个小时。

Ben:医生怎么说?

Jiamin:他给我做了检查,叫我这药一天吃三次,坚持一周。

Janet:你要小心,Jiamin。你的健康很重要。

Ben:我想你很快就会好的。

Jiamin:谢谢你。


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 重点内容与习题

Unit 5 What’s the matter with you?


一、短语:

see a doctor, 

go to the hospital, 

this morning, 

have a toothache, 

brush teeth, 

twice a day, 

have a broken finger, 

take a rest, 

have a headache, 

drink plenty of water, 

have a cold, 

take medicine, 

have a fever, 

have a stomachache, 

go to school, 

on weekdays…


二、句子:

1. What’s the matter with you?

2. I have a stomachache.

3. I’m sorry to hear that.

4. You should see a doctor.

5. I think you’ll be well soon.

6.He asked me to take this medicine three times a day for a week.


三、重点精析:

1. I am sorry to hear that.     

听到这个消息我感到很难过。

hear of 知道 

hear about 听说        

hear from  收到…来信

我上周收到老爸的回信。

I heard from my father last week.

你听说过他吗?

Did you hear about him?

hear和listen的区别:

1)hear表示“听见”“听到”,强调结果,可能有意识的听,也可能无意识地听。

如:I heard someone singing in the next room.  

2)listen是不及物动词,表示有意识或注意地“听”,并不说明是否听见的结果;必须需加to才能接宾语。

如:He likes listening to music.


2.health 健康        

healthy健康的    

in good health 健康状况好        

in poor health 健康状况不好

3.I brush my teeth twice a day.   

我一天刷两次牙。

once 一次     

twice 两次      

three times  三次     

four times   四次

4. I have a broken finger.   

我有一根手指断了。     

broken   

断了的

a broken window   

破碎的窗玻璃          

a broken marriage   

破裂的婚姻

5. Don’t wear wet clothes.   

不要穿湿衣服。

wear除了表示“穿(衣服、鞋子等)”,还可以表示“戴(帽子、眼镜等)”;立着(胡子、头发等)。

如:She is wearing a long dress.

    My mother wears long hair.

注:wear意思是“穿着,戴着”,强调状态;put on 意思是“穿上”,强调动作。

6. I went to the hospital this morning.   

今天上午我去了医院。

this 在这里和现在有关的时间连用,意思是“今,本,现在”,既可以表示过去时,也可以表示将来时。常见短语有:

this week 这周    

this month 这个月    

this year 今年    

this afternoon 今天下午

this evening 今天晚上    

this Monday 这周一    

this weekend 这周末

7.have a toothache   牙疼

have在这里表示“患病”,“have a + 疾病名词”表示“患某种疾病”。

如:have a headache 头疼    

have a toothache 牙疼   

have a cold 感冒

have a fever 发烧    

have a stomachache 肚子疼

have 除了表示“患病”,还有其他含义:

1)有;拥有         

I have a new book.

2)吃;喝           

What do you have for lunch?

3)经历;经受       

I went to the party and had a good time.

8.take medicine   吃药

take在这里意思是“吃(药),服(药)”

take还有很多其他含义:

①拿走,带走          

Don’t take toys to school.

②买,买下            

I will take this red dress.

③拍照,摄影          

I like taking photos.

④花费(时间)        

It takes me two hours to do my homework.

9.What’s the matter with you?

=What’s wrong with you?     

你怎么了?

What’s the matter with… / What’s the wrong with…意思是“……怎么了?”用来询问身体或精神状态,也可以用来询问突发事件,表示关心或问候。

What’s the matter with you mother?    

She has a fever.

10. You should see a doctor.   

你应该去看医生。

分析:should是情态动词,没有人称和数的变化,后面接动词原形,句型结构:

1)肯定句:主语+should+动词原形+其他.

如:You should go to school.

2)否定句:主语+shouldn’t+动词原形+其他.

如:He shouldn’t be late for school.

3)一般疑问句:Should+主语+动词原形+其他。

如:Should I take this medicine?


课后习题

一、英汉互译。

1.看医生__________

2.发烧__________

3.吃药__________

4.一天两次__________

5.休息一下__________

6.太多__________

7.去医院__________

8.头痛__________

9.刷牙__________

10.工作日__________


二、单项选择。

(  )1.What’s the matter ______ you?

A. with  B. for       

C. of    D. in

(  )2.He should ______ a rest.

A. to have  B. has       

C. had      D. have

(  )3.You should take this medicine ______ a day.

A. two   B. twice       

C. three  D. twices

(  )4.______ I have a headache. 

A. What's the matter, Judy? 

B. Where are you, Judy? 

C. Who are you? 

D. What are you doing, Judy? 

(  )5.I think walking is ______our health. 

A. good at B. bad at 

C. well in D. good for 

(  )6.We should not eat ______junk food. 

A. too many B. too much 

C. many too D. much too 

(  )7.How is the young man? ______ 

A. He is twelve. 

B. He's much better. 

C. He is a doctor. 

D. He's Allan. 

(  )8.You should not eat______24 hours. 

A. something in    

B. nothing for      

C. anything for      

D. everything at 

(  )9.My mother is ill.  ______ 

A.Don't worry.      

B.No hurry.      

C.I'm sorry to hear that.       

D.OK. 

(  )10.I ______ you feel better soon.

A. want B. hope 

C. need     D. should

(  )11.Sara ______ a stomachache. So she ______ eat anything for twenty-four hours.

A. has, shouldn’t 

B. has, should 

C. have, shouldn’t 

D. have, should

(  )12.I am sorry ______ that you’re not feeling well.

A.and hear B.to hear 

C.heardD.of hear


三、根据括号提示,把最佳答案写在横线上。

1.______ ( What’s,Who’s ) the matter with you ?

2.I______ ( feel, feels,feeling) sick.

3.My temperature(温度) is 39゜C. I have a______ ( fever, toothache.)

4.I am very ______ ( bored, excited). I have nothing to do.

5.How does Amy feel? She______( is, are , am ) happy.

6.Li Ying______(be) born in 1986. 

7.He should______(take) a rest.

8.You'd better______(not play) football in the street. 

9.The Smiths wants______(live) in China. 

10.The young man______(help) Granny to clean the house last Sunday.


四、聪明的小医生,请帮病人支个招吧!

What do you do if you have a cold? 

1. If you have a cold,______the doctor.

2.______some______and drink______water.

3. ______bed for a few______. 

4.You will______better______. 


五、阅读对话,完成练习。

Doctor:  1  the matter, Mike?

Mike: I think I have a  2  .

Doctor: Do you have a sore throat?

Mike: No. I have a headache. I have an earache.

Doctor: Maybe you  3  the flu.

Mike: My nose hurts. I  4  go to school.

Doctor: OK. There is a football match between China  5  Japan this afternoon. You  6  in bed and watch TV. You will feel  7  .

Mike:  8  you. I  9  better now.

1.______2.______

3.______   4.______

5.______   6.______

7.______   8.______

9.______


六、阅读短文,判断句子正(T)误(F)表示。

It’s Sunday afternoon. The weather is fine. There is a football match between class 2 and class 4. Many students are watching .They’re excited.

Now Zhang Peng has the ball. He passes it to Wu Yifan .But Wu Yifan can’t kick the ball. Then John has the ball. He kicks it. The ball flies to Zhang Peng’s arm. Zhang Peng is very angry. The ball files into the goal. How is Zhang Peng feeling now? Guess! He is so happy!

Hooray! Class 4 won the game. Class2 is very sad.

(  )1.There is a basketball match on Sunday afternoon.

(  )2.Wu Yifan can’t kick the ball.

(  )3.Zhang Peng is happy when the ball flies to his arm.

(  )4.Zhang Peng is happy when the ball flies into the gate.

(  )5.Class 2 is not sad in the end.


【参考答案】若发现答案错误,我们将及时在留言区作更改,谢谢!

一、

1.see a doctor

2.have a fever

3.take medicine

4.twice a day

5.take a rest

6.too much

7.go to the hospital

8.have a headache

9.brush teeth

10.on weekdays


二、

1-5    A D B A D

6-10   B B C C B

11-12  A B


三、

1.What’s

2.feel

3.fever

4.bored

5.is

6.was

7.take

8.not play

9.to live 

10.helped


四、

1.see

2.Take、medicine、some

3.In、days

4.feel、soon


五、

1.What’s

2.fever

3.catch

4.can’t

5.and

6.stay

7.better

8.Thank

9.feel


六、

1-5 F T F T F

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